EXERCISE 13 Find the definitions to the key words, using the information from the text and translate them into Russian. There is one extra definition.
A) a rotary tool that is hung from the rotary hook and the traveling block to suspend the drill stem and to permit it to rotate freely.
B) a heavy coupling element for drill pipe.
C) the heavy steel tubular device suspended from the swivel through the rotary table and connected to the top joint of drill pipe to turn the drill stem as the rotary table turns.
D) a flexible tube for conveying liquids or gases under pressure
E) the principal component of a rotary, or rotary machine, used to turn the drill stem and support the drilling assembly.
F) a device similar to a power swivel that is used in place of the rotary table to turn the drill stem.
G) seamless steel or aluminum pipe made up in the drill stem between the kelly or top drive on the surface and the drill collars on the bottom.
H) all members in the assembly used for rotary drilling from the swivel to the bit.
I) the column of drill pipe with attached tool joints that transmits fluid and rotational power from the kelly to the drill collars and the bit.
J) a special device placed around the kelly that mates with the kelly flats and fits into the master bushing of the rotary table.
K) a heavy, thick-walled tube, usually steel, placed between the drill pipe and the bit in the drill stem.
L) the cutting or boring element used for drilling
The key words:
EXERCISE 14 Read and translate the text "Circulating System", using the words after the text.
Mud circulates through many pieces of equipment, including the mud pump, the discharge line, the standpipe, the rotary hose, the swivel, the kelly (or the top drive), the drill pipe, the drill collars, the drill bit, the annulus, the return line, the shale shaker, the desilter, the desander, the mud pits, and the suction line.
The mud pump draws in mud through a suction line from the mud pits, or tanks, and sends it out a discharge line. From the discharge line, the mud goes into the standpipe. The standpipe runs vertically up one leg of the derrick. Mud exits the standpipe into a strong, flexible, and reinforced rubber hose called the rotary hose, or kelly hose. The rotary hose joins the swivel at the gooseneck. The mud then flows down the kelly (or through the top drive), drill pipe, and drill collars. It jets out of the bit nozzles and moves cuttings away from the bit. The mud and cuttings then head up the hole in the annulus. The annulus, or annular space, is the area between the drill string and the wall of the hole.
The mud leaves the annulus through a steel pipe called the mud return line. It falls over a vibrating screen, the shale shaker. The shaker screens out the larger cuttings and, in some cases, dump them into the reserve pit. Offshore and in environmentally sensitive areas, however, the shaker dumps the cuttings into a receptacle. Later, the contractor removes the receptacle, washes the cuttings if required, and properly disposes of them. In either case, the clean mud drains back into the mud tanks. The pump then recycles it back down the hole. The mud pump recirculates the mud over and over throughout the drilling of the well. From time to time, the derrickhand adds water, clay, and other materials to make up for downhole losses. This crew member also adjusts the mud's properties as the borehole encounters new and different formations.
The words to be memorized:
annulus – кольцеобразный зазор
bulk storage – хранение в резервуаре
discharge line – напорный трубопровод, нагнетательный трубопровод
mud pit – отстойник, амбар для хранения бурового раствора
return line – возвратная линия, канат
rotary hose – нагнетательный шланг роторной буровой установки,
соединяющий стояк с вертлюгом
standpipe – водозаборная колонна
suction line – приёмная линия (насоса),
всасывающий трубопровод (бурового насоса),
EXERCISE 15 Are the following statements true or false? Correct the false ones with the right information and discuss your answers with a partner.
1. Mud is drained into the mud tanks._______
2.The mud properties are changed according to various formation._______
3. Shaker screens always dump the cuttings into the reserve pits.______
4. Having flowed through the swivel, mud flows down the top drive.______
5. Mud is circulated during the drilling of the well._______
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