Types of nursing careers
· Agency - agency nursing is essentially where a nurse will register or sign up with an agency or similar group and tell them what hours they are available to work, the nurses are then contacted and offered work on a shift to shift basis.
Agency nurses are now in high demand, particularly, in the case of nurses with specialized training or experience.
· Ambulatory care - ambulatory care nurses care for patients whose stay in the hospital or other facility will last for less than 24 hours, ambulatory care nursing covers a broad range of specialties in the out-patient setting.
· Anesthesia - nurse anesthetists work with surgeons, dentists, podiatrists, anesthesiologists, and other doctors to provide anesthesia to patients before, during, and after surgery or child birth.
· Cardiac care - the cardiac care nurse works with other members of the medical staff in assessing, intervening, and implementing nursing care for the cardiac patient.
· Case management - case management is a collaborative process of assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for options and services to meet an individual's health needs through communication and available resources to promote quality cost- effective outcomes.
· Critical care - critical care nurses provide care for patients and families who are experiencing actual or potential life-threatening illness, more specific fields that fit into the critical care category include cardiac care, intensive care, and neurological and cardiac surgical intensive care.
· Emergency - emergency nurses assess patients, provide interventions and evaluate care in a time limited and sometimes hectic environment, emergency nurses work independently and interdependently with various health professionals in an attempt to support patients and their families as they experience illness, injury or crisis.
· Forensics - forensic nurses provide medical care to victims of crime, collect evidence after crimes occur, and provide medical care to patients within the prison system.
· Gastroenterology - gastroenterology (gi) nurses provide care to patients with known or suspected gastrointestinal problems who are undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic treatment and/or procedures, gi nurses practice in physician offices, inpatient and outpatient endoscopy departments, ambulatory endoscopy centers and inpatient hospital units.
· Geriatrics - geriatric nurses care for elderly patients in a number of settings which include the patients home, nursing homes, and hospitals, geriatric nurses face constant challenges because their patients are often very ill, very complex, and very dependent on the nurses skills.
· Holistic - holistic nurses provide medical care for patients while honoring the individual's subjective opinions about health, health beliefs, and values, holistic nursing requires nurses to integrate self-care, self-responsibility, spirituality, and reflection into their daily nursing care.
· Hiv/aids - hiv/aids nurses provide healthcare for patients who are hiv or aids positive, these nurses usually have specialized training in hiv/aids.
· Informatics - nursing informatics is a broad field which combines nursing knowledge with the use of computers, jobs in this field could range from the implementation of a new computer network within a hospital to the sales of computer systems to hospitals by an outside computer company.
· Legal nursing - legal nursing combines the use of the legal system with a thorough knowledge of the nursing field, legal nurses are usually seasoned veterans of the nursing field who work with attorneys to review medical documents and determine if medical negligence occurred.
· Midwifery - midwives are nurses that are specially trained to deal with childbirth and providing prenatal and postpartum care, the midwife is qualified to deliver babies by themselves unless there are extenuating circumstances which require the midwife to consult with a physician.
· Military - military nurses work in a variety of settings, ranging from family practice at a local militaiy base to providing emergency care for the wounded during war times.
· Neonatal - neonatal nurses provide care for newborns by assessing the patient to ensure good health, providing preventative care to prevent illness, and caring for the babies which are sick, the neonatal nurse is responsible for anticipating, preventing, diagnosing and minimizing illness of newborns.
· Neuroscience - neuroscience nurses care for patients using new therapies and innovative technologies to treat diseases of the nervous system.
· Nurse practitioner - nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses who have obtained their masters degree and are qualified to prescribe medication, and interpret diagnostic and laboratory tests.
· Occupational health - the occupational health nursing is responsible for improving, protecting, maintaining and restoring the health of employees, by providing this care for employees, the occupational health nurse is able to influence the health of the organization.
· Oncology - oncology nurses provide health care for cancer patients at all stages of treatment and remission.
· Pediatric - pediatric nurses care for children in all aspects of health care, pediatric nurses practice in a variety of settings which include hospitals, clinics, schools, and in the home.
· Perioperative (or) - perioperative nurses work in operating rooms in tertiary care hospitals, community and rural hospitals, day care surgery units and specialized clinics, they often provide post-anesthetic care in rural hospitals or specialized units where nurses provide total patient care.
· Psychiatric - psychiatric nurses provide care for patients and families with psychiatric and mental illnesses, these nurses practice in a variety of settings which include hospitals, and institutions.
· Research - research nurses perform clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span-from management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability, the promotion of healthy lifestyles, promoting quality of life in those with chronic illness, and care for individuals at the end of life.
· School nursing - school nurses work with students and faculty of schools providing medical care and other support in an in-school environment.
· Transplant - transplant nurses work in a variety of settings and function in various aspects of transplant procedures, they assist in the transplantation of various body parts which include, but are not limited to: liver, kidney, pancreas, small bowel, heart, and lungs.
· Trauma - trauma nurses care for patients in an emergency or critical care setting, these nurses generally care for patients who have suffered severe trauma such as a car accident, gun shot wound, stabbing, assault, or other traumatic injury.
· Travel nursing - travel nurses work for an agency that provides nurses to hospitals and other health care facilities across the country, travel nurses usually get to choose which locations they are willing to travel to and are typically given assignments which last for 13 weeks or more, travel nurses usually make a very good salary, receive paid housing accommodations, sign-on bonuses, and other excellent benefits, see also: before you start travel nursing (article)
· Urology - urology nurses care for patients in such specialties as oncology, male infertility, male sexual dysfunction, kidney stones, incontinence, and pediatrics, urology nurses may also participate in such urological surgeries as surgery for cancer, general urology, plastic, infertility, brachytherapy, lithotrispy, and pediatric surgery.
· Women's health - women's health nurses participate in fields such as ob/gyn, mammography, reproductive health, and general women's health, these nurses practice in a variety of settings.
In health care organizations Post title: "midwife", "nurse", "nurse", replaced that of men, named resNurse - the right hand doctor. She writes at the direction of Dr. recipes, information, referral for testing. In hospitals, nurses keep order in the wards, organized mode of patients sent to the designated doctor examination, give medication. During operations, the nurse can act Physician Assistant - apply scalpels, clamps, needles. Direct duty nurses - injections, immunizations, blood pressure measurement. Nurse, as opposed to a doctor and paramedic - has • no right to appoint treatment and prescribe its own discretion.
In order to work as a nurse, you must be trained in the correct profile in medical school or college.
1. work together with the district physician in district clinics;
2. care of patients in hospitals;
3. assist surgeons in operations.
Place of work:
4. district health centers;
5. hospitals, clinics, hospices;
6. MOE, emergency services;
Дата добавления: 2015-06-10; просмотров: 954;