XIX - XX .

 

1861 . , . , . . , , , , . - , .,

(1835-1893), , - , " ". 1861 ., - . 1877 . " ", . , . 1878 . " ", 1880 . - , , .

, , , . . , , . , .

XIX . " ". , (1846- 1914). , " ". . , . , , , . " " , . , . . , , .. , , .

.. ...

(1823-1895) - , . 1865 . , 1881 1886 . - , . - . ( ). , ( ), , , . .. - " " (1852), " " (1870), " " (1870), " " (1870), " " (1890), " " (1895).

(1844-1888) . - " " (1883), " - " (1885) " ." (1871). "" , , , .

, - .

 









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