Exercise 10. Fill in the gaps with the words given below. Translate the text.
Multiple, mainframes, adapter, mobile phones, embedded, desktop computers, personal computers, computer, mobile, keyboard
A desktop computer is a small machine that has a screen which is not part of the _____________. Most people keep them on top of a desk that is why they are called ‘_____________’. Similar in operation to desktop computers, laptop computers are miniaturized and optimized for _____________ use. Laptops run on a single battery or an external _____________ that charges the computer batteries. They are enabled with an inbuilt _____________, touch pad acting as a mouse and a liquid crystal display. Both laptops and desktops are called _____________, because one person at a time uses them for things like playing music, surfing the web, or playing video games.
There are bigger computers that many people at a time can use. They are _____________. Large organizations use mainframes for highly critical applications such as bulk data processing. Most of the mainframe computers have capacities to host _____________ operating systems and operate as a number of virtual machines. They can substitute (to substitute -заменить) for several small servers.
There is another type of computer, called an embedded computer. An embedded computer is a computer that does one thing and one thing only, and usually does it very well. For example, an alarm clock is an _____________ computer: it tells the time. Embedded computers cannot be programmed. Some _____________, automatic teller machines, microwave ovens, CD players and cars are examples of embedded computers.
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