New words and expressions
|to be born||родиться|
|to be married||быть женатым, быть замужем|
|to be busy||быть занятым|
|promotion||продвижение по службе|
|to study by correspondence||учиться заочно|
|to advertise goods||рекламировать товары|
|to arrange business meetings||организовывать деловые встречи|
|to hold talks||проводить переговоры|
|to work hard||усердно работать|
Дайте ответы на следующие вопросы:
1. What is your name?
2. Where were you born?
3. When were you born?
4. Are you married?
5. What is your father?
6. Is he a busy man?
7. What is your mother?
8. How old is your sister (brother)?
9. Does she (he) work or does she (he) study?
10. When do you usually get up?
11. What do you do before breakfast?
12. What do you have for breakfast?
13. What are your working hours?
14. What are your duties at work?
15. Do you like to study at the Institute?
16. What do you do in the evening?
Dialogue: Meeting people
- Hello! Let me introduce myself. My name`s Oleg.
- Nice to meet you! My name is Alina.
- I`m glad to meet you, too. Where are you from, Alina?
- I am from Nizhnekamsk. I study in Kazan and rent a flat here. And what do you do?
- I live and work in Kazan. I am in business. And where do you study?
- I study at the correspondence department of the Kazan Institute of Russian State University of Trade and Economy.
- By the way, are you married, Alina?
- No, I am not married yet. And you?
- I am single. I live with my family.
- Is your family large?
- No, it is not. I`ve got a father, a mother and a little brother. May I call you tonight, Alina?
- Yes, you may. My telephone number is 5255003.
- Thank you. Excuse me, I must go. I`m not saying "good-bye".
- See you later.
|may||иметь разрешение на что-то|
|may I…?||могу я …?|
|nice to meet you||приятно познакомиться|
|what do you do?||чем ты занимаешься?|
|to be in business||заниматься бизнесом|
|by the way||кстати, между прочим|
|to call, to phone||звонить|
|see you later||увидимся позже, пока|
Dialogue: In the shop
- What kind of suit are you looking for?
- I’d like a light suit for summer wear.
- What’s your size, sir?
- I’m afraid, I don’t know my English size.
- You will have to try on this one in the changing room.
- I think it’s my size.
- The suit looks fine on you and it fits you perfectly.
- Well, I’ll take it.
- Do you pay by cash?
- Yes. Here you are. Thank you.
- Thank you too. Good bye.
- Good bye.
Russia is one of the largest countries in the world. The vast territory of Russia lies in the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans: the Arctic, the Atlantic, the Pacific. Russia borders on many countries, such as Mongolia and China in the south-east, Finland and Norway in the north-west and so on.
The current population of Russia is more than 150 million people. Russia is densely populated, but its population is unequally distributed.
As Russia occupies vast territories there are various climatic zones in the country. Continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers prevails on the territory of Russia.
The longest rivers are the Volga in Europe and the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena in Asia. The largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on earth.
The Russian Federation is rich in natural and mineral resources.
The Russian Federation was founded in 1991. The Constitution was adopted in 1993. Russia is a Presidential Republic. It is headed by the President. The President forms the Government and appoints the Prime Minister.
The State symbol of Russia is a three-coloured flag. It has three horisontal stripes: white, blue and red. White colour represents “peace”, blue colour represents “loyalty” and red colour stands for “valour”.
The state emblem of Russia is a double-headed eagle, the most ancient symbol going back to the dynasty of the Riuricovichies. Russia's hymn was created by Alexandrov and Mikhalkov.
According to the Chronicle the history of Early Russia began in the year 862. That year Rurik became the first Russian prince having merged Novgorod and Kiev. Rurik's successor Prince Oleg did his best to strengthen and expand the nascent state. In 988 Prince Vladimir, the Red Sun, baptised Russia. For the first time Moscow was mentioned by the chroniclers in 1147. At that time Russian lands began to unite round Moscow, which led to the establishment of a strong centralised state.
Russia is proud of its architecture, painting and music. A lot of tourists come to our country to see its beauty and to admire its cultural achievements. As a rule they want to visit Moscow, St. Petersburg and the towns of the "Golden Ring".
New words and expressions:
|to border on …||граничить с чем-либо|
|densely populated||плотно заселена|
|to occupy||занять; оккупировать|
|to be proud of …||гордиться чем-либо|
|the nascent state||зарождающееся государство|
Дайте ответы на следующие вопросы:
1. Is Russia a large country?
2. Where is Russia situated?
3. What countries does Russia border on?
4. What is the current population of Russia?
5. What can you say about the climate of Russia?
6. What are the longest rivers in Europe and in Asia?
7. When was the Russian Federation founded?
8. What is the State symbol of Russia? Describe it.
9. What is the state emblem of Russia?
10. When did the history of Early Russia begin?
11. Do a lot of tourists come to our country?
12. What can tourists see in Russia?
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