English Today

 

The modern world is becoming smaller all the time. Every day distances between different countries seem less. For this reason it's becoming more and more important to know foreign languages, especially English.

English is very popular nowadays. It's the language of computers, science, business, politics, sports, arts and music. It's spoken all over the world. It is the official language of the United Kingdom, New Zealand, the United States of America, and Australia. It is one of the official languages of Canada, the Irish Republic, and the Republic of South Africa.

Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons. Hundreds of French words came into English. These French words didn't crowd out corresponding Anglo-Saxon words. There exist "act" and "deed", "beautiful" and "pretty", "form" and "shape".

Some new words were brought by traders and travellers. These words came from all parts of the world: "umbrella" – from Italian, "tea" – from Chinese, "cigar" – from Spanish.

Many of the new English words – especially new scientific ones – have been made from Latin and Greek words instead of English ones. "Telephone" for instance, was made from Greek words "far" and "talk".

To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist. But learning the language is not easy. It's a long and slow process that takes a lot of time and patience. But it is worth doing.

English is taught throughout the world and a lot of people speak it quite well. In Russia English is very popular, it is studied at schools, colleges and universities. Knowing English well is one of the main requirements to graduates of Russian high military schools which want to become professional military officers and successful specialists in their field.

 

Names:

Australia [os`treiliə] – Австралия

English (language) [`læŋgwid3] – английский язык

Canada [`kænədə] – Канада

Greek [gri:k] – греческий

Latin [`lætin] – латинский

New Zealand [`nju: `zi:lənd] – Новая Зеландия

Russia [`r Λ∫ə] – Россия

the United Kingdom [ði ju`naitəd `kiŋdəm] – Соединённое Королевство

(Великобритании и Северной Ирландии)

the United States of America [ði ju`naitəd `steits əv a`merikə] – Соединённые Штаты Америки

the Irish Republic [ði `airi∫ ri`pΛblik] – Ирландская Республика

the Republic of South Africa [ðə ri`pΛblik əv sauθ `æfrikə] – Южно-Африканская Республика

 

Vocabulary:

act [æct] (syn. deed [di:d]) – дело, поступок, действие

a lot of [ə `lot əv] – много

beautiful [`bju:tiful] (syn. pretty [`priti]) – красивый, прелестный, привлекательный

billion ['biljən] – миллиард

business [`biznəs] – зд.: бизнес, коммерческая деятельность

cigar [si`ga:] – сигара

corresponding [,kori`spondiŋ] – соответствующий

distance ['distəns] – расстояние

diplomacy [di'pləuməsi] – дипломатия

easy [`i:zi] – легко, просто

educated ['edjukeitid] – образованный, культурный

especially [is'pe∫iali] – в особенности

far [fa:] – прил. дальний, отдалённый

field [fi:ld] – зд. область, сфера деятельности

foreign [`forin] – иностранный

form [fo:m] (syn. shape [∫eip]) – форма, очертание

for instance [`instəns] – например

graduate [`grædjueit] – выпускник (учебного заведения)

government [`gΛv(ə)nment] – правительство

instead [in`sted] of smth. – вместо чего-л.

official language [ə`fi∫iəl `læŋgwid3] – официальный, государственный язык

patience ['pei∫əns] – терпение

population [,popju'lei∫n] – население

politics ['politiks] – политика

professional [pro`fe∫ənl] – профессиональный

requirement [ri`kwaiəmənt] – требование

science ['saiəns] – наука

scientific [`saiən'tifik] – научный

successful [sək`sesful] – успешный

specialist [`spe ∫əlist] – специалист

talk [to:k] – разговор

trade [treid] – торговля

trader [`treidə] – торговец

to be borrowed [`borəud] – быть заимствованным

to bring (brought) – зд.: приносить, привозить, доставлять

to crowd out [`kraud `aut] – зд.: вытеснять, заменять

to be worth [wə:θ] doing – заслуживать усилий

throughout [θru:'aut] the world – no всему миру

umbrella [əm`brelə] – зонт








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