II. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в нужную форму. Предложения прочитайте и переведите.
1. The USA (to rank - Present Indefinite Active) first in the world in the volume of freight traffic. 2. It (to take – Present Indefinite Active) passengers 7 hours to get from Moscow to St. Petersburg if they (to go – Present Indefinite Active) by overnight “Red Arrow” passenger train. 3. A large number of cars (to park – Past Indefinite Passive) near the terminal. 4. Hundreds of jobs (to create – Future Indefinite Passive) after the building of this plant. 5. The speed of Metro trains (to reach – Present Indefinite Active) 90 km/h. 6. I (to prefer – Present Indefinite Active) to buy tickets in advance. 7. Special equipment (to use – Present Indefinite Passive) for repairing locomotives. 8. Yartsev (to suggest – Past Indefinite Active) using cast iron rails instead of wooden ones in 1788. 9. This railway company (to transport – Future Indefinite Active) freight only. 10. The distance between rails (to call – Present Indefinite Passive) the gauge. 11 The track repair work (to delay – Past Indefinite Active) the arrival of the trains. 12. The first steam locomotive in Russia (to test – Past Indefinite Passive) in Nizhni Tagil. 13 This (to be – Present Indefinite Active) an excellent computer which (to give – Future Indefinite Active) many years of service. 14. The train (to come – Past Indefinite Active) to the station on schedule. 15. In the compartment passengers (to put – Present Indefinite Active) their suitcases into a special box under the lower berth. 16. Wood (to replace – Past Indefinite Passive) by steel as a material for constructing passenger cars. 17. In the past messages from Europe to America (to send – Past Indefinite Passive) by ship. 18. Sleepers (to hold – Present Indefinite Active) the 2 rails at the exact distance. 19 The bridge (to join – Present Indefinite Active) the island to the mainland. 20. All passenger coaches (to equip – Present Indefinite Passive) with electric heating system. 21. I (to work – Present Indefinite Active) for a construction company which (to have– Present Indefinite Active) a lot of contracts in other countries.
III. Прочитайте и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на оборот there + to be.
1. There are many accidents on this section of the road when it is icy. 2. There was not enough room in the car for the whole family. 3. There is nothing better than a sea trip if you need a good rest. 4. In Britain there are three types of trains: fast intercity trains, local stopping trains and commuter trains. 5. There were so many interesting excursions that he didn’t know which to choose. 6. There will be an extra commuter train tomorrow. 7. In some countries there are special paths for bicycles which make cycling a safe form of transport. 8. There was a jam on the road because of the accident. 9. There are 2 lower berths, 2 dropping upper berths and a collapsible table in each compartment of the sleeping car. 10. There will be no trains today because the railroad workers are on strike. 11. There are 5 minutes left before the train leaves. 12. The company closed down because there wasn’t much demand for its product. 13. There were many cars in the parking lot near the theatre. 14. There are two types of electric trains: those hauled by electric locomotives and multiple-unit trains. 15. There is a large garage on Seventh Street that provides work for eleven men. There is one man who meets the customers. There are two other men who take care of batteries. There is another man who washes cars. There are 3 other men who sell gas and oil. There is another man who repairs wheels. There are two men who work with engines and there is one man who sells tires. There is no better place for automobile service. 15. There was no room in the car for all our luggage.
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