COMPOSITION OF THE COUNTRY
The territory of the United States is historically divided into eight regions: 1) New England; 2) the Mid-Atlantic region; 3) the South; 4) the Midwest; 5) the Southwest; 6) the Rocky Mountain region; 7) the Pacific Northwest and Alaska; 8) California and Hawaii.
New England is highly industrial, but it also has many fields, woods and small towns. New England is the part of the United States that is most like "old" England. It includes six states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
The Mid-Atlantic Region.
The Mid-Atlantic region is not uniform. Geographically, historically and economically, the Mid-Atlantic states are quite different from one another. For example: the state of New York borders on Canada and has cold winters; Maryland has much in common with the American South.
The Mid-Atlantic region plays an important role in the United States. Its cities include Washington D. C, the nation's capital, and New York City, the nation's financial centre. The Mid-Atlantic region is densely populated. It includes six states: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and West Virginia.
The South. Economically, historically and culturally, the South is a distinct region. With its warm climate and rich soil, it developed an economy based on cotton export. Conflicts between the North and the South, especially over slavery, led to the Civil War in 1861. The South preserves its traditions, for example good cooking and a slower, more hospitable way of life. The South includes eleven states: Kentucky, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and Florida.
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